In the great majority of childhood cases, stuttering will resolve on its own. However, in some children and adults who stutter, speech therapy will be needed. The best candidates for speech therapy among those who stutter include:
- Have stuttered for three to six months or more
- Struggle with stuttering or have emotional difficulties due to stuttering
- Have a pronounced stutter
- Have a family history of stuttering
Therapy for stuttering often focuses on controlling speech patterns. This is accomplished by encouraging the child or the adult to monitor their rate of speech, breath support, and laryngeal tension.
Parents and other loved ones can help with stuttering by helping the patient feel less self-conscious about the stutter, listening patiently, and setting aside time for talking. A speech therapist can also assist a parent with learning when it is appropriate to correct a child’s stuttering.
All of this said, there are some techniques that can be practiced to help control and even get over stuttering, though it is important to note that there is currently no cure for the disorder.